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Back to the Future
Episode Studies by Clayton Barr

Back to the Future Part II Back to the Future Part II
Screenplay by Bob Gale
Story by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale
Directed by Robert Zemeckis
Released November 22, 1989


After a trip to 2015 and return to a nightmare version of 1985, Marty and Doc must go back in time to the events of November 1955.


Read the story summary at Futurepedia


Notes from the Back to the Future chronology


This story takes place in October 1985, October 2015, and November 1955.


Didja Know?


Back to the Future Part II was shot under the working title Paradox in order to deter fans and reporters from spying on the production.


Characters appearing or mentioned in this story


Marty McFly

Jennifer Parker

George McFly

Lorraine McFly

Doc Brown

Marty McFly, Jr.

Marlene McFly

Biff Tannen

Mayor Goldie Wilson, Jr. (mentioned only)


Whitey (Chester Nogura)
Data (Rafe Unger)
Spike (Leslie O'Malley)

Wild Gunman kids

Old Biff

hoverboard girl


Blast from the Past clerk


Officer Reese

Officer Foley



Rolls Royce owner (unnamed, mentioned only)

Douglas J. Needles

Lauren Anne Needles (mentioned only)

Roberta Needles (mentioned only)

Amy Needles (mentioned only)

Ito T. Fujitsu

Siva Fujitsu (mentioned only)





Stanford S. Strickland

Red the bum

Alternate Biff

Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen (mentioned only)




Dave McFly (mentioned only)

Linda McFly (mentioned only)

Teen Biff

Gertrude Tannen (voice only)

D. Jones (mentioned only)


Marvin Berry

The Starlighters

Bub (mentioned only)


Western Union agent (unnamed)


Didja Notice?




    The opening scene of the movie is a recreation of the ending scene of Back to the Future. In this scene, actress Claudia Wells has been replaced by Elizabeth Shue as the character Jennifer Parker. Wells was unavailable to shoot this film and Back to the Future Part III due to caring for her mother who had been diagnosed with cancer.

    At 2:04 on the Blu-ray, after Marty asks Doc if he and Jennifer become assholes in the future, Doc hesitates very briefly before responding, "No, no, no. You and Jennifer both turn out fine. It's your kids, Marty. Something's got to be done about your kids." In the original scene in Back to the Future, Doc does not hesitate before his answer at all. In the audio commentary of the film by Bob Gale and co-producer Neil Canton, co-writer Gale confirms that they added the hesitation because we will soon see that Marty does not quite "turn out fine" in the future: he fails to become a rock star, taking what seems to be some kind of lower-middle-class-income deskbound job and lives with his wife and kids in a run-down neighborhood of Hill Valley. When the original scene was shot for Back to the Future, Gale and Zemeckis had written and shot it just as a final punchline for the movie, having no idea that there would ever be a sequel, so they had no idea in mind what Marty's life would be like in the future.

    The scene was reshot about 4 years after the original, so there are some inevitable differences in the background environment. There are also some "intentional differences". Almost like a "spot the differences between the two pictures" game. Here are some comparison screenshots:

Shrubbery and flowers different, grass is shorter, car parked farther down driveway, sunlight different
License plate is different, lights on cab are different, antenna is missing, bucket seats are different, back wall is different, tools on wall are different, ladder is missing.
Window curtains are different, window sunshades are different, stickers on windows are missing, asphalt on driveway has been patched
Marty is wearing a watch
Garage door in background is different, red pick-up is missing.
Volkswagen van is missing in background, Jennifer's vest is zipped up.
DeLorean door is not open
Alarm clock on dash is different, other equipment on dash is different.


    After the DeLorean makes the jump to the future, the opening credits roll, with a scene as if soaring through clouds in the sky. In the audio commentary of the film by Bob Gale and co-producer Neil Canton, Gale reveals that the cloud scene was originally produced for the 1982 film Firefox (starring Clint Eastwood, who will factor into Back to the Future a bit later on!). It seems a bit odd that a "flying through clouds" scene, almost as if we are seeing the path of the flying DeLorean, should appear here though, as the DeLorean makes an instantaneous trip from 1985 to 2015, no intervening "flying through clouds" occurring.




The floating divider markers along the Hill Valley skyway have bases that appear to be made out of automobile tires!


At 4:27 on the Blu-ray, the skyway exit sign seems to indicate (in it's lower-right corner) that it is on Interstate 99 (I-99). I-99 was not seen in Back to the Future. In the real world, I-99 runs through the states of New York and Pennsylvania.


    At 4:44 on the Blu-ray, the time display in the DeLorean appears quite worn. Notice that its metallic sheen is scuffed and the lettering on the labels is wearing off. And the AM and PM labels are very different! Why would this be? In Back to the Future, it was in "mint" condition and now this? Has the DeLorean been through more adventures in time than we have been made aware of? At this point, we know only of only seven trips through time over a brief period in Back to the Future and "Emmett Brown Visits the Future". Were there additional trips that resulted in fairly extreme wear and tear on the console in between "Emmett Brown Visits the Future" and Back to the Future Part II? That's an intriguing possibility for future stories in comic books or novels!

    There is also the fact that the labels are not in quite the position they were in in Back to the Future. One might argue that this indicates the console itself has been replaced...which would be true, since the production had to rebuild the DeLorean from scratch for this sequel! I think the label positioning might be forgiven as one of the vagaries of production, but why make the console and labels looked scuffed and the AM/PM be entirely different unless there were a reason? It seems like the prop crew could have made a nearly identical console just by looking at old production photos or even still shots of the Back to the Future video tape. In other words, it seems like this console has been deliberately weathered. Maybe at the time, Zemeckis and Gale didn't know if they wanted to suggest that Doc had been through some previous adventures before this?

    Also notice that while the DeLorean is at 4 (:15) PM in Present Time of 2015, the Destination Time on the display indicates AM! So, if Doc set the DeLorean to arrive in AM, why is it PM now?

Time display in Back to the Future. Time display in Back to the Future Part II.


Doc uses a sleep-inducing alpha rhythm generator to knock out Jennifer when she starts asking too many questions about her future.


At 5:56 on the Blu-ray, the skyway sign indicates the "hyperlane" the DeLorean's on goes all the way to London, possibly farther.



    At 6:04 on the Blu-ray, the "Welcome to Hill Valley" sign is the same one seen in "Emmett Brown Visits the Future". One of the other club logos that was not readable there can be made out here: Rotary Club. Another logo shows Hill Valley to be a Crime Watch Community. The sign itself proclaims "Please fly safely" and "Ejection seats save lives".
   The courthouse (now Courthouse Mall) is visible below.


When the DeLorean comes in for a landing in the alley at 6:17 on the Blu-ray, the rims of the tires are missing the DMC logo in the center that is normally there.


A machine for Fusion Industries is seen in the alley next to where Doc parks the DeLorean. It has the same emblem as the Mr. Fusion on the car, indicating it is the parent company of the Mr. Fusion brand.


Stacks of old laserdiscs are seen bundled in the alley as well, next to a building with stenciled signage indicating "recycling center". At the time the movie was made, Zemeckis and Gale kind of assumed laserdiscs would still be popular in 2015!


Doc reveals he went to rejuvenation clinic and got rid of some wrinkles, did a hair repair, got new blood and a new spleen and colon, adding 30 or 40 years to his life.


Doc gives Marty Nike shoes and jacket so he will be dressed similarly to Marty Jr. The power-laced shoes Marty puts on are a fictitious model, though Nike did later create an extremely limited edition replica model in 2008.


At 8:05 on the Blu-ray, Marty Jr. walks past a sign posted outside a business, "Sale on now! One Week Only, Breast Implants, 2 For 1."


Marty Jr. also walks past an AT&T pay phone. This is essentially another miss by Zemeckis and Gale, as they did not foresee the near extinction of pay phones with the proliferation of cell phones in the early 21st Century.


Graffiti on the wall in the alley reads "Class of 16". 


    Doc shows Marty a copy of the next day's USA Today newspaper, Hill Valley Edition (Thursday, October 22, 2015). Notice that the price in the upper-right corner is "six dollars"; in reality, a weekday edition of a newspaper in 2015 was only about $1 ($2 on Sundays). October 22 really did land on a Thursday that year.

    The main article (by CompuFax) in the paper reads as follows:


Martin McFly Junior Arrested for Theft
Youth Gang Denies Complicity
by Compu-Fax
Protesting that he was "put up to the whole thing" by a local gang, Martin McFly, Junior, 17, was arrested for the theft of an undisclosed cash amount by Hill Valley Police this morning. The theft, which was accomplished with a stolen disguising unit, took place at the Hill Valley Payroll Substation on 8th Street at exactly 1:28 a.m. this morning. Police were sketchy about details, but apparently McFly set off a pressure sensitive alarm system which alerted authorities.
McFly, the son of Martin and Jennifer McFly of Hilldale, accused members of a local gang for putting him up to the crime. Griff Tannen, spokesman for the accused youths, denied any involvement. "McFly's too low-res for us to associate with," claimed Tannen.
McFly insisted that the gang was involved and that he didn't even know he was committing a crime. "They told me it was simply a money making opportunity and it was entirely legal."
McFly will be arraigned tomorrow and tried in a data-fax court later this week.
   Side headlines in the paper read:
"Washington Prepares for Queen Diana's Visit" (sadly, in the real world, Princess Diana was killed in an automobile accident in 1997)
"Osteguin: Head for Hills After Victory"
"Slamball Playoffs Begin" (although no game officially known as "slamball" existed when the script was written, an actual game called slamball--sort of like basketball played on trampolines--was invented in 2001)
"Cubs Sweep Series in 5" (did not quite happen in the real world)
"Marshall Run 3 Minute Mile" (the current world record holder for running the mile is Hicham El Guerrouj at 3:43.
"Thumb Bandits Strike": after amputating thumbs of hospital patients
"Man Killed By Falling Litter": thrown from hovering vehicle
"Tokyo Stocks Up": averaging a 5 point increase in rally
"Swiss Terrorist Threat": may be real say CIA officials...
"Shredding for Charity": is a way to raise money and save trees
"President Says She's Tired": of reporters asking the same questions
"Queen Diana Will Visit Washington": tomorrow and the capital prepares
"Kelp Price Increase": is likely due pollution of the South Pacific
"Pitcher Suspended for Bionic Arm Use": without calibration
"Slamball Playoffs Begin": this evening in Denver, televised on 183
"Jaws Without Bite": is the review of Jaws 19
"Car Owners Revolt"
"Home Prices Increase"
"Cholesterol May Be Cancer Cure"
"Auto Rebels Form Organization"
"USA Snapshots: Ships Sunk by Whales Since 1979"


A mock-up wraparound of the front page of the above issue of USA Today was produced for the real world October 22, 2015 issue of the paper! See it at


Posters to re-elect Mayor Goldie Wilson, Jr. are seen as Marty walks out of the alley.


A 7-Eleven store is located under the second-story Texaco service station.


A mail box for FacFax, "5 Second Service", is seen at 11:08 on the Blu-ray. Businesses called True Blues, Pizza Hut, and Mr. Perfect All Natural Steroids can be seen around the corner.


At 11:25 on the Blu-ray, notice that the clock and the ledge of the clock tower is still broken and unrepaired 60 years later!


    The former Essex Theater is now a Holomax Theater, showing a holographic movie, Jaws 19. This is, of course, a fictitious type of theater and fictitious entry in the Jaws saga (there have been just four Jaws movies). The movie slug line on the marquee is "This time it's really, really personal." This is a play on the slug line of the fourth Jaws film, 1987's Jaws: The Revenge, "This time it's personal." The marquee shows the director of the film as Max Spielberg. Max is the son of executive producer Steven Spielberg, who was only a few years old at the time this film was made; Max has not gone into showbiz since then. Steven Spielberg directed the original Jaws.

    In the novelization, the movie is Jaws 14, not 19


At 11:43 on the Blu-ray, signs for Big Gulp and Pepsi can be seen inside the 7-Eleven. Big Gulp is the branding of the large size beverage cups offered by the store.


A sign for Texaco's oil brand, Havoline, is seen at the station. The automatic pumps at the station state in a robotic voice, "You can trust your car with the system with a star." This is a play on the company's old advertising slogan, "You can trust your car to the man who wears the star."


The music that plays when the holographic shark of Jaws 19 "attacks" Marty is a variation on the famous Jaws theme by John Williams.


At 12:10 on the Blu-ray, a group of Hare Krishnas can be seen crossing the street.


    Goldie Wilson III is seen to own a hover-conversion business in an advertisement, converting ground automobiles into ones able to fly. Presumably, this is where Doc took the DeLorean for conversion during a previous visit to 2015. (In the novelization, the advertisement is for Earl Scheib IV hover-conversions...and for only $3995 instead of $39,999.95! Earl Scheib was a low cost automobile repainting and collision repair service 1937-2010.)

    The car seen in the hover-conversion ad is a 1958 Ford Edsel Corsair.


    The window display at Blast From the Past shows numerous pop culture items. Besides the fictitious Gray's Sports Almanac that Marty later purchases, we see: The President's Album: Freedom's Finest Hour, narrated by Ronald Reagan; a VHS tape of the 1987 Dragnet movie; Black & Decker clothes iron and Dustbuster; Apple MacIntosh computer; a Jaws video game for Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) from 1987; a Jaws 2 VHS tape; a VCR; Animal House VHS tape; "The Population Bomb is Everyone's Baby" bumper sticker; Burger Time video game for NES; a lava lamp; Magnavox Weekender transistor radio; JVC Super VHS video camera; a Jimmy Carter peanut plastic bank; a 1982 6-pack of Perrier bottled water; a talking Roger Rabbit stuffed toy (the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit was directed by Zemeckis!); a JVC television; a frisbee; a JFK bust; Pac-Man lunchbox; a small box with Mendocino brand on it (might be juice of some kind); Barbie and Ken dolls; Trust Me, a comedy album about President Jimmy Carter; a computer keyboard; a Bee-Gees lunchbox; assorted political buttons; a Jimmy Carter for President poster.

    At the top of the display, a mannequin torso is wearing a jean jacket with two pins on it. Both pins are ones worn by Marty on his jacket in Back to the Future! The pins are the bass guitar pin and an "Art in Revolution" pin.

    In the novelization, Marty also sees in the window a Betamax VCR and a Super 8 movie projector. 


The song playing in the Cafe 80s when Marty walks in is "Beat It" (1982) by Michael Jackson.


The Cafe 80s is decorated with '80s mementos: Dodgers t-shirt; a print of astronaut Bruce McCandless flying untethered in space in a spacesuit and jet backpack from the first untethered space walk in 1984; masks of Fidel Castro, Mikhail Gorbachev, Michael Dukakis, Ronald Reagan, and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini; Wild Gunman arcade video game; commemorative poster of the royal wedding of Prince Charles and Princess Diana; a Bedtime for Bonzo/Ronald Reagan "All in the Family" gag poster; a CA YUPPIE license plate; a Ronald and Nancy Reagan stand-up; Sports Illustrated magazine covers; Pac-Man arcade video game; New York Giants football helmet. All of the TV displays seen in the cafe are JVC brand.


A bank of 12 television sets show news clips and TV shows from the 1980s. According to Bob Gale in the audio commentary of the film, all of the shows were Universal shows, as the studio that made the Back to the Future film series; however, I've identified some shows displayed that were not Universal productions, namely the Oprah Winfrey Show, The Smurfs, Wheel of Fortune, Taxi (which starred Christopher Lloyd!), Cheers, Pee-Wee's Playhouse, and Family Ties (which starred Michael J. Fox!). The Universal TV shows I've been able to identify are: Miami Vice...and that's it!


At 12:56 on the Blu-ray, the video waiter assisting the young woman is a Max Headroom version of Michael Jackson. Seconds later, Headroom versions of Ronald Reagan and Ayatollah Khomeini try to assist Marty.


Marty orders a Pepsi at the cafe, but receives a Pepsi-Perfect, revealed in the novelization to be a vitamin-enriched variety of Pepsi-Cola.


Biff and at least one other patron at Cafe 80s are seen drinking Hill Valley Milk.


At 13:55 on the Blu-ray, a framed copy of the Los Angeles Times with a headline declaring Ronald Reagan's re-election as president is seen on the wall next to Biff's booth. A few minutes later, another copy of the paper is seen on the opposite side of the door with a headline about the freedom of the hostages just after the resolution of the Iranian hostage crisis of 1979-1981.


Notice that the top of Biff's cane is a golden fist. He raps Marty on the head with it.


Griff's car is a hover-converted 1976 BMW 633 CSi convertible.


Biff's exchange with his grandson Griff suggests that Biff is still running his auto detailing business and still trying to get away with applying only one coat of wax.


The smaller of the two kids who reactivate the Wild Gunman game in the cafe is played by Elijah Wood, who went on to success as both a child and adult actor.


The mechanical bat Griff swings at Marty is a Kirk Gibson bat. The bat is fictitious, but Gibson was a real world professional baseball player and manager from 1979-1995.


At 18:06 on the Blu-ray, a book(?) on the booth behind Marty is called The Prince and Princess of Wales. This is an actual book published in 1994.


The hover board Marty borrows from the little girl has the Mattel brand on it.


Hover boards are fictitious products, despite a 1989 interview with Robert Zemeckis in which he remarks they are real but were kept off-market due to parents groups who complained they were dangerous for was a joke, people.


At 18:31 on the Blu-ray, Griff's car appears to have stickers for Midas automotive service on the hover-conversion braces.


    At 19:10 on the Blu-ray, the former location of the Assembly of Christ (and before that, Town Theater) is seen to now be the Hill Valley Museum of Art, featuring a Bellman retrospective. I'm unaware of any particularly famed artist named Bellman.

    The car parked on the left side of the road is the Star Car from the 1984 film The Last Starfighter. The Star Car was custom built for the The Last Starfighter, inspired by the DeLorean DMC, a couple years before Back to the Future was released and made the DeLorean so instantly recognizable to the public!

Star Car


During the 2015 Hill Valley scenes, several store signs are seen in Japanese. This may have been meant to suggest that Japanese culture, which was an economic powerhouse in the 1980s, had come to rise to significant influence in the U.S. in the Back to the Future timeline.


When Marty's hover board begins to stall out on the Courthouse duck pond, Data shouts at him, "McFly, you bojo! Those boards don't work on water! Unless you've got power!" "Bojo" appears to be a slang term meaning the same as "bozo" in 2015.


At 19:14 on the Blu-ray, Marty grabs onto a passing 1987 Jeep Wrangler.


At 20:35 on the Blu-ray, it looks like Marty might be wearing Guess jeans, because it appears that a small triangular patch has been removed from right rear pocket. Guess uses such a patch in their branding. Most likely the patch was removed by the production so as not to provide free advertising for a non-sponsor.

Marty's Guess jeans


At least 4 workers in Hill Valley jumpsuits and red hardhats are seen observing the aftermath of the hoverboard chase at 21:16 on the Blu-ray.


At 21:17 on the Blu-ray, Marty has exited the pond through an underground entrance to the Courthouse Mall. Notice that the Courthouse Mall sign here has a stylized version of the courthouse clock with the time stuck at 10:04 and a lightning bolt shooting into it!


    At 21:41 on the Blu-ray, one of the little girls is drinking a Slurpee.

    The little girl who "inherited" Griff's Pit Bull hoverboard is wearing a hat that has something similar to a CD spinning on top. And notice that the hat has small nubs that fit over her ears, so it may be that she is listening to a music CD!


The Statler Toyota of 1985 is now a Pontiac dealer.


The old man who asks Marty to thumb a hundred bucks to save the clock tower is Terry, the man who we'll see later in 1955 is the man who fixed Biff's car after the manure truck incident that occurred during Marty's first visit to that time in Back to the Future.


At 22:16 on the Blu-ray, we can see that Terry is wearing some kind of dual watch or wristcomp with dual watchbands. He also wears a dual tie that combines into a vest at the bottom.


    Marty and Terry see a holonews update stating that the Cubs have swept the World Series against the Miami Gators. Marty is surprised about the Miami part because, back in 1985, Miami did not have a Major League Baseball team. In the real world, Miami received a team in 1993, the Marlins, still playing today.

    In the real world, of course, the Chicago Cubs did not win the World Series in 2015, though they did make it to the playoffs. The actual winner of the World Series was the Kansas City Royals over the New York Mets.


    When Marty purchases the Gray's Sports Almanac, the clerk points out the book even has a dust jacket, having been published before the invention of "dust-repellent paper". Her comment here sets up the moment much later in the movie when Marty discovers he's been fooled by the dust jacket having been placed on a copy of Oh Là Là magazine in 1955. However, dust jackets normally only come on hardcover books, not paperbacks!
   Gray's is a fictitious company, as is the Metro Publishing whose logo appears on the back cover.
   The almanac is suspiciously thin for a book that supposedly contains 50 years worth of sports results for all the sports listed. In the audio commentary of the film on the Blu-ray, Bob Gale acknowledges this, but remarks that they needed a prop that was thin enough to fold lengthwise and fit in Biff's pocket.


The store clerk also points out the Dustbuster, calling it, "a quaint little piece from the 1980s called a Dustbuster," implying that Dustbusters were no longer being made. In the real world, Dustbusters are still being manufactured in 2015 and beyond.


At 22:46 on the Blu-ray, notice there is a sign in the background for Mr. Fusion--Sales, Service, Installation.


    When Marty Jr. bursts out of the Cafe 80s and crosses the street, he almost gets hit by a car and he yells, "I'm walking here! I'm walking here!" This is cribbed from a scene in the 1969 film Midnight Cowboy in which Dustin Hoffman is crossing the street and says the same thing when a taxi nearly hits him.

    Marty Jr. then continues to shout at the driver, "Don't drive trank, low-res scuzzball fondro!"


    When Doc comes back to pick up Marty and Jennifer, he has changed his entire outfit and picked up Einstein from the suspended animation kennel. Why would he go to the trouble of changing clothes in the middle of the day? Had he been wearing his previous outfit for an extended period of time? And why was Einstein in a suspended animation kennel unless Doc had been gone for some time? Has Doc been doing more with his time in the future than he has let on (as we suggested in the notes above about why the time display appears so worn)? Is there an untold story here?

    Doc's shirt has a pattern of a train and horseback riders, a foreshadowing of a sort, of the train chase that will take place in Back to the Future Part III. In that movie, we'll also see that Doc has repurposed the shirt into a bandanna during his time in the old west.

    Doc is wearing a watch on each wrist instead of two watches on one wrist as he did in Back to the Future.


When Doc sees the mess in front of the Courthouse Mall, he asks Marty, "What in the name of Sir Isaac H. Newton happened here?" Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was a key player in the Scientific Revolution and best known for his mathematical theorems on the nature of gravity. He is not known to have had a middle name, so the "H" Doc uses is just part of an expletive (usually taken to mean "holy") occasionally used in the middle of a person's name, such as "Jesus H. Christ".


Thanks to Marty's interference in the Griff affair, the main article of the next day's USA Today changes:

Gang Jailed, Hoverboard Rampage Destroys Courthouse
Caption: Gang Leader had Bionic Overloads
Gang Leader: "I was framed."
By Compu-Fax
Reckless hoverboarders careened into Hill Valley's City Courthouse late yesterday afternoon, causing serious damage to the structure. The perpetrators received minor injuries and were immediately apprehended by Hill Valley Police. They are being held in the city lockup pending immediate trial. Jailed were Griff Tannen, 19; Leslie O'Malley, 18; Chester Nogura, 18; and Rafe Unger, 19: all of Hill Valley. Tannen claimed a 5th hoverboarder had perpetrated the incident and escaped. The claim was dismissed by authorities, upon learning that the accused, whose name was withheld, was a repeated target of harassment by the gang.
The incident began in front of the courthouse when Tannen, on a "Pit Bull" powered hoverboard, with his companions in tow, went speeding across the courthouse pond in violation of a local ordinance and apparently lost control of his hoverboard. All 4 hoverboarders were thrown through the front glass of the building and into the lobby, destroying much of the expensive facade. No one else was injured.


The last paragraph of the article is a repeat of the previous paragraph.


A small photograph of the Hill Valley Art Museum has the caption, "Masterpiece: Still stirs controversy".


A USA Today flying drone is present to record the arrest of Griff and his gang. A label on the drone reads, "Always There First!"


Doc excoriates Marty for buying the sports almanac, saying, "I didn't invent the time machine for financial gain! The intent is to gain a clearer perception of humanity. Our past, our future, the pitfalls, the possibilities...the perils and the promise. Perhaps an answer to that universal question, 'Why?'" Yet, we know that Doc felt free to enrich himself by going back to 1938 to purchase a stack of Action Comics #1, the first appearance of Superman, so he could sell them for millions of dollars to finance upgrades to the DeLorean and leave himself set for life in "Emmett Brown Visits the Future"!


At 25:05 on the Blu-ray, an advertising poster for BluBlocker Sunglasses is seen in the alley.


A mobile, robotic trash can called a Litter Bug is seen moving around the streets of Hill Valley when Doc spots the police investigating Jennifer's unconscious body in the alley.


The two police officers who find Jennifer in the alley are named Reese and Foley. These names have often been used for minor characters in scripts by Zemeckis and Gale. We will meet two male officers who may be their fathers in "How Needles Got Here".


The police reveal that Jennifer's middle name is Jane. In the novelization, the police record also reveals she was born October 29, 1968.


    Marty and Jennifer's family in 2015 are seen to live at 3973 Oakhurst Street in the Hilldale neighborhood of town near Somerset Street. The shooting location was the intersection of Oakhurst and Somerset Streets in El Monte, CA. Note that, like the name "Hill Valley" itself, "Hilldale" is made up of two words with opposite meanings; a hill is an elevation on the land and a dale is a depression in the land.

    The signs marking the entrance to the Hilldale housing tract read, "Hilldale, The Address of Success". Taggers have painted over the second "c" and the second "s" of "success" with "k" and "r" in red paint so the slogan reads, "The Address of Suckers".


When Officers Reese and Foley assist the groggy Jennifer into "her" home in Hilldale, photos of the McFly family, including George and Lorraine are seen hanging on the wall in the living room.


A table lamp seen in the living room at 27:26 on the Blu-ray is in the shape of the torch of the Statue of Liberty.


The McFlys false window in the living room is tuned to the Scenery Channel when Jennifer is brought in. There are some actual Scenery Channels on streaming services in the modern day.


Jennifer finds a framed photo indicating that she and Marty get married in the Chapel O Love. The novelization reveals the chapel to be in Las Vegas. The real world setting of the chapel for the photo was the Little White Chapel in Burbank, CA. Notice that Marty is wearing a t-shirt with a tuxedo print on it in the photo.


The conversation among Marlene and her grandparents indicates that Marty's life had taken a turn for the worse when he was in an auto accident with a Rolls-Royce. We will see this as a near-accident at the end of Back to the Future Part III.


At 29:49 on the Blu-ray, Jennifer, hiding in the closet, appears to be standing next to her old Hill Valley High School varsity jacket.


At 29:56 on the Blu-ray, notice that the wedding photo is back on the end table, upside-down! The novelization reveals that George picked it up from the floor where Jennifer had dropped it a minute earlier and he put it back upside-down because he's hanging upside-down!


At 30:11 on the Blu-ray, Doc lands the DeLorean in a NO LANDING ZONE in the Hilldale tract.


At 30:41 on the Blu-ray, the car parked on the opposite side of the street from the DeLorean has a bumper sticker reading "I BRAKE FOR BIRDS".


Biff catches a cab from the Luxor Cab Company. This was probably meant to be a fictitious cab company, but there is Luxor Cab in the San Francisco area since 1928. The cab Biff rides in is a 1972 Citroën DSpécial. After Biff pays the fare and the cab begins to pull away, the driver's parrot is heard to say, "How about a tip?"


A container of Pocari Sweat is seen in the McFly kitchen at 31:25 on the Blu-ray.


    When Marty Jr. gets home, the Art Channel is showing a painting on the giant TV screen before he changes it to a number of other TV channels. The painting displayed when he comes in is "The Gold of Their Bodies" (1901) by Paul Gauguin. One of the TV channels Marty Jr. tunes into is the Weather Channel. Channel 63 is showing a commercial for the previously-mentioned Bottoms Up plastic surgery clinic; the ad is for the 50% off breast implants, such as the adjustable super-inflatable TIT and the Headlight TIT.

    At 32:15, a commercial for US Air is seen on one screen. 


Marty is wearing a double tie when he comes home from work. (Zemeckis and Gale seem to enjoy making fun of ties in this movie; recall that Doc was wearing a transparent tie at the beginning of the film. They must not be tie guys!)


Lorraine hydrates a Pizza Hut pizza in a Black & Decker hydrator.


When Marty Jr. sits down at the dinner table, he is wearing visors that allow him to continue watching television. He tunes to the Atrocity Channel. This is a fictitious television channel.


Bottles of Lite beer and Slice soda are seen on the kitchen counter at 33:40 on the Blu-ray. In this shot, Marty Jr. can be seen removing the pepperoni from his pizza slice and plopping them on his plate.


At 33:40, Marty suddenly says, "I'm sorry. I missed that whole thing." It seems like a non-sequiter and for a long time fans thought it might have been a line flub by Michael J. Fox that he was apologizing for and somehow got left in the final cut. But deleted scenes available on the DVD and Blu-ray collections of the trilogy show that a longer version of the scene had Lorraine talking about a recent release party for Uncle "Jailbird" Joey (who, once again, did not make parole) and Marty is apologizing for missing it.


A wall-mounted Master-Cook robotic cooking assistant is seen, dormant, in the McFly kitchen.


Lorraine asks the elder Marty where Jennifer is and he tells he doesn't know and that he has a hard time keeping track of her these days. This would seem to imply that he and his wife are somewhat on the outs with each other, despite his telling his mother that they get along great, " a couple of teenagers."


The TV/phone screen display reveals that Needles' birthday is August 6, 1968 and he lives at 88 Oriole Road A6TB-9. What A6TB-9 stands for is unrevealed. The novelization gives the address as 88 Oriole Road, A6TB-94. 


At 34:33 on the Blu-ray, the game sitting in the den appears to be Nuke 'Em, a game that appeared in a commercial in the 1987 film Robocop!
Nuke 'Em game in McFly den Nuke 'Em game prop from Robocop (photo from Worthpoint)


At 35:17 on the Blu-ray, a bottle of Pocari Sweat is seen in the den of the McFly house.


When Needles ends his video call with Marty after getting him to agree to some kind of shady deal, notice that Needles seems to be looking and grinning towards something/someone off-screen. Immediately after Needles' call cuts out, their boss, Ito Fujitsu suddenly calls claiming to have monitored the transaction and fires Marty. But was Fujitsu really in the same room with Needles and it was all a set-up by the two of them to get rid of Marty? If so, why did they want to get rid of him? If not, was Needles fired as well?


In the audio commentary of the film by Bob Gale and Neil Canton on the Blu-ray, Gale says he took the name "Fujitsu" for Mr. Fujitsu from the Japanese technology company Fujitsu. What he didn't realize is that "Fujitsu" is not a Japanese proper name, but a contraction of the company's previous name, Fuji Tsushinki (Fuji Telecommunications). He learned about it after the movie had already been released, too late to change it. Gale jokes it's like calling someone in America "Mr. General Motors".


The fax Marty receives implies he (and Needles) work for a company called Cusco. This appears to be a fictitious company, though there is a small company called CUSCO Japan, established in 1977. The zip code on the Cusco letterhead is 95420, the same zip code used for Hill Valley in "Science Project".


When Doc appears at the window of the McFly house to tell Jennifer how to open the front door to escape, he then suddenly looks left and ducks down, as if someone were approaching who might see him. It may have been the older Jennifer who enters the house about a minute later.


At the window, Doc tells Jennifer to go out the front door and he'll meet her there. But couldn't she just have climbed out the window?? I suppose Doc could have been worried that pushing the screen out would have made too much noise.


The upholstered chair Marty sits in as he begins to dejectedly strum his guitar has duct tape on the left arm.


As Jennifer attempts to sneak out of the room and hears Marty's strumming, she seems to recognize the tune. It is "The Power of Love", the song his band played at the Battle of the Bands contest in Back to the Future.


A stuffed marlin is seen hanging on the wall in Marty's den at 36:46 on the Blu-ray. Is it the same Marlin that Doc had hanging in his home, as seen in previous stories? It might be that Marty inherited it after Doc died at some point between 1985 and 2015.


Some kind of long, tubular canisters are seen mounted on the wall in the McFly house at 36:48 on the Blu-ray. They are marked with the brand name Jenn-Air (known as JennAir since 2018).


After Jennifer's close call with her elder self, Doc decides he must destroy the time machine, his only regret being he'll never get a chance to visit his favorite historical era, the old west. Ironically, he does get to visit it, if accidentally, in Back to the Future Part III. Not to mention, he will there also engage in an intimate study of the "other great mystery of the universe"...women.


    At 38:00 on the Blu-ray, Biff is seen to be in pain and collapsing as he struggles down the street after returning the DeLorean from where he'd taken it on the street. This is never explained in the film, but a deleted scene shows Biff fading away and vanishing after he collapses. Zemeckis and Gale have explained that the idea was that Biff died sometime between 1985 and 2015 in the altered timeline he'd created by giving his teen self the sports almanac in 1955 (their thought was that the former-Lorraine-McFly-now-Lorraine-Tannen had finally shot Biff at some point, killing him).

    Of course, since Doc and Marty eventually go back to 1955 and take the almanac away from Biff, preventing the existance of 1985A, presumably old Biff was able to walk away after his time travel excursion in the restored 2015 timeline. 


One open question is why did old Biff return to the same 2015 he came from if he'd altered the timeline, as he is shortly seen to have done when Doc and Marty return to 1985? Gale and Zemeckis have argued that old Biff essentially did return to an altered 2015, we the audience, along with Doc and Marty, just don't realize it because the Hilldale neighborhood we see in this scene is essentially outwardly the same in both timelines. Possibly another argument might be that there is a ripple effect into the future the same as into the past. We saw a gradual ripple effect into the past in Back to the Future with Marty's family photo and his body beginning to fade away during the Enchantment Under the Sea dance. The ripple effect into the future here was still taking place in 2015 when old Biff returned, then "caught up" with the time as Biff collapses in pain and vanishes, just like Marty almost did at the dance in Back to the Future.


At 38:25 on the Blu-ray, the labels on the time display do not look as scuffed up as they were earlier! What is going on?? 


When Doc and Marty get back in the DeLorean, the last time departed showing on the display is November 12, 1955, 6:38 PM. This would be when Biff left 1955 after giving his teenage self the sports almanac. But (later in the film), he is shown giving the book to himself in the morning hours, so why did he not leave until the evening? Did he decide to do some sightseeing of his old haunts first?

From the Destination Time on the console, we see that Doc returned himself and Marty to 1985 at 9:00 p.m. on October 26. They left in the a.m. hours of that date, so as far as their families/friends are concerned, Marty and Jennifer have been gone the entire day.
time display with Biff's departure time




The jet passenger plane that flies over the DeLorean when it arrives back in 1985 at 38:47 on the Blu-ray should not have flaming afterburners visible as it does. Passenger jet engines are not built that way, fighter jets are.


    At 39:53 on the Blu-ray, we see that the Lyon Estates signs now have a plaque below the name stating, "Proud Member of the BiffCo Family." This was, of course, not present on the signs in Back to the Future.

    "For Sale" signs are seen in the front yards of many of the houses on Marty's street (and in other neighborhoods of Hill Valley later in the film). The signs all have BiffCo Realty printed on them.


When Marty crawls through the window of his former bedroom and disturbs the young girl sleeping, several Michael Jackson posters and other Jackson memorabilia are seen in the room.


At 40:54 on the Blu-ray, an empty Doritos bag (nacho cheese flavor), as well as an empty Pepsi bottle, are seen on the girl's end table.


A scene of Marty looking at the burned out high school was cut from the film, but in the audio commentary on the Blu-ray, Bob Gale says the building seen at the end of the street when Marty approaches Strickland's house at about 42:00 is the burned out school.


At 41:31 on the Blu-ray, the totaled police car with CA license plate 766825 seen on the street is a 1981 Dodge Diplomat. It has been crashed into a 1977 Buick Estate Wagon.


The car that is on fire at 41:38 on the Blu-ray is a 1962 Citroën DS 19.


When Marty grabs up the rolled-up newspaper on Strickland's front porch, he opens it without even having to remove a rubber band that should be holding it closed!


At 42:31 on the Blu-ray, Strickland holds a Mossberg 500 shotgun on Marty.


Strickland has a scar on his head he didn't have in the original 1985.


The drive-by shooters at Strickland's house are in a 1969 Buick Skylark Custom Convertible.


The car parked across the street from Strickland's house is a 1971 AMC Javelin.


The song that plays on the soundtrack as Marty enters downtown Hill Valley is "I Can't Drive 55" by Sammy Hagar. The old "Welcome to Hill Valley" sign is lying on the ground and covered with graffiti and the "I" in "Hill Valley" has been spray-painted over to an "E", so it reads "Hell Valley".


At 43:34 on the Blu-ray, the man Marty bumps into is Red the bum, still a bum in this version of 1985. Red calls Marty "Crazy drunk pedestrian" just like he called him "crazy drunk driver" in Back to the Future.


At 43:45 on the Blu-ray, we see Biff Tannen's Pleasure Paradise hotel and casino and Biff Tannen's Museum. They are built into/onto the old courthouse, still with the clock stuck at 10:04.


An adult club called Naughty and Naked is seen where the Bank of America was in the original 1985.


A bizarre, adult-themed billboard advertising "Visit Biff's" is glimpsed at 44:07 on the Blu-ray.

Visit Biff's


Hell Hole, Bangkok Sauna and Asian Massage, and Video All Nude Hardcore Movies are seen at 44:15 on the Blu-ray. Tanya Exotic Sex Goddess, Pig Mart, and Bad Rap Bail Bonds are glimpsed seconds later.


A 44:24 on the Blu-ray, a Hill Valley Police tank cruises the square.


Dee Dee's Delight bar and Toxic Waste Reclamation Plant No. 7 are seen at 44:27 on the Blu-ray.


A sign in front of Biff Tannen's Museum reads, "Smoking Required". Notice that the wax statue of Biff at the front is standing next to teenage Biff's car, a 1946 Ford Super De Luxe convertible.


On the video of Biff's life that plays at the museum, Biff is seen driving a 1977 Rolls-Royce Corniche. 


   The photograph of Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen that is seen on the museum video does not look much like Buford as later seen in Back to the Future Part III. In the audio commentary of the film, Bob Gale says that they hadn't decided on Buford's exact look, not having begun shooting Part III yet. Perhaps we can assume that Buford simply went for a different look in his younger days.
   In the photo, Buford is seen holding a Colt Single Action Army pistol. He is referred to as the fastest gun in the west.
Buford Tannen in museum video photograph. Buford Tannen in Back to the Future Part III.


The video states that Biff won his first million on his 21st birthday at the racetrack. A Hill Valley Telegraph article "Hill Valley Man Wins Big at Races" is on the March 28th, 1958 edition, implying that Biff's birthday is March 27 (1937). Another article on the front page, "Khrushchev Becomes New Soviet Premier: Bulganin Resigns", is accurate, as Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971) became the Soviet premier on March 27, 1958 following the forced resignation of Nikolai Bulganin (1895-1975).


A later issue of the Telegraph declares Biff "Luckiest Man on Earth". A smaller article seen is "Nasser Accuses Reds of Plotting His Overthrow"; this likely refers to Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970), president of Egypt at the time.


The Telegraph headlines when Biff gets gambling legalized in Hill Valley are "Gambling Legalized: City Approves Tannen Initiative By One Vote Margin", "Tork Waste Site Chosen By Shopping Mall", and "Demonstrators Jailed in Clock Tower Clash".


    The video shows that Biff dated Jayne Mansfield and Marilyn Monroe before marrying Lorraine in 1973 (after murdering her husband, George McFly). Jayne Mansfield (1933-1967) was an American actress and nightclub singer. Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962) was an American model and actress. The photos seen of Mansfield and Monroe with Biff are actual photos of the two celebrities doctored for the production to depict Biff with them. Originally, the photos were Mansfield with boyfriend Nelson Sardelli and Monroe with actor Yves Montand promoting their 1960 musical comedy film Let's Make Love.

    "Biff the Future" Part 3, reveals that Monroe was actually Biff's first wife and Mansfield his second before marrying Lorraine.


Biff's cronies who capture Marty are the same three members of his "gang" from high school seen in Back to the Future, Match, Skinhead, and 3-D. All three figures still have maintained their trademarks, though 3-D is now wearing sunglasses with blue and red lenses instead of cardboard 3-D glasses.


    At 47:42 on the Blu-ray, a video tape of Black Taboo is seen. This is a 1984 X-rated film.

    In this same shot, several bottles of booze are seen on the bar top: Sauza tequila, Beefeater gin, Bacardi rum, and Usher's Green Stripe Scotch. These are all real world brands.


Lorraine's dialog with Marty implies that this is not the first time Biff's gang has clobbered him on the head in this timeline.


In the scene between Lorraine and Biff, Lorraine switches back-and-forth from shot to shot as wearing slippers and not.


George is buried in Oak Park Cemetery in Hill Valley. His tombstone reveals his middle name was Douglas and he was born April 1, 1938 and died March 15, 1973.


    The March 16, 1973 Telegraph headline is "George McFly Murdered". The first paragraph of the article is actually related to the headline, but the rest are dummy paragraphs. The relevant paragraph reads: "George McFly, local author and professor, was shot dead last night en route to an award dinner by the Hill Valley Civic Committee. McFly, who was to receive an award, was found dead in an alley 2 blocks from the HV Community Center at 9:35 p.m. by police. There were no witnesses. Police speculate that robbery was the motive as McFly's wallet was missing. McFly, a lifelong resident of Hill Valley, had long been a civic activist against the policies of BiffCo. He is survived by his wife, Lorraine, and their three children, David, Linda and Martin. Funeral arrangements have not yet been made."

    Other articles on the front page are "Indians Continue Wounded Knee Occupation: South Dakota Standoff in 16th Day" (a reference to the occupation of the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation by Native Americans from February 27 - May 8, 1973), "New Watergate Revelations" (a reference to the Watergate scandal of the Richard Nixon presidential administration that eventually ended with his resignation), and "Transit Problems Given Airing at B-M-R Convention" (I have no idea what a B-M-R Convention is, but the same headline also appeared in a newspaper in the 1986 film Star Trek: The Voyage Home!).

    On the opposite page (presumably the last page of the previous day's paper) are the articles "Compromise Housing Bill Sent to President for OK", "City Bond Issue Nears Approval", "Private College Hearing, Public Urged to Aid", "Record 813,600 New Claims for Jobless Benefits Filed" and "24-Hour Strike Notice Delivered by Oil Workers".


At 52:08 on the Blu-ray, a box (possibly empty) of Gamesa cookies is seen in Doc's abandoned lab.


At 52:30 on the Blu-ray, words written in chalk can still be barely made out in the bottom left corner of blackboard Doc uses in his abandoned lab. The words are "DANGEROUS BOB", a nickname for Bob Widin, assistant prop master on the film.


    The May 23, 1983 Telegraph headline reads, "Emmett Brown Committed: Crackpot Inventor Declared Legally Insane". In "Biff to the Future" Part 6, we finally learn that it was the corrupt and powerful Biff who had Doc committed and why.

    Other articles seen in this edition are "Nixon to Seek Fifth Term: Vows End to Vietnam War by 1985", "Diplomats Feted as Important Issues Go By the Board", and "BiffCo to Build New Dioxin Plant". In the real world, Nixon was forced to resign during his second term in 1974 after the Watergate scandal. Biff's influence in this corrupted timeline must have not only allowed Nixon to stay in office, but to repeal the two-term limit on U.S. presidential officeholders. Also, in the real world, direct U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War ended in 1973, the Vietnamese civil war itself ending in 1975.


The movie Biff is watching in the sauna at 55:33 on the Blu-ray when Marty walks in on him is A Fistful of Dollars (1964) starring Clint Eastwood. The scene from the film that appears here has been chopped into smaller segments so it will play through more quickly. Marty will adopt the name of Clint Eastwood when he goes back to the old west in Back to the Future Part III. He will also use the same "bulletproof vest" trick that Eastwood's character uses here.


In the audio commentary of the film by Bob Gale and Neil Canton on the Blu-ray, Bob Gale says the painting behind Biff's desk was modeled after one on Donald Trump!


At 57:07 on the Blu-ray, a magazine seen on Biff's desk is Mustang, devoted to the Ford Mustang sports car. This was a real world magazine at the time. But the issue seen here is the March 1989 issue, so it wouldn't have been printed for another 3.5 years!


The pistol Biff tries to kill Marty with is a Smith & Wesson Model 60. 3-D pulls a Smith & Wesson Model 36 pistol on Marty as he makes his escape to the roof; Match and Skinhead pull Colt M1911A1 pistols.


The stairwell setup Marty jumps to at 59:38 on the Blu-ray doesn't really make any sense. Stairwells are not designed in separate up-and-down flights like the one he jumps to.

Marty's stairs


When Marty informs Doc that old Biff gave himself the almanac on November 12, 1955, Doc is astounded that Biff should have picked the same date that Marty was finally sent back to his own time of 1985 (in Back to the Future) and speculates that that date might be the temporal junction point of the entire space-time continuum...or might all be just an amazing coincidence. In "Jurassic Biff", we learn the real reason old Biff chose that date.


When the time circuits on the DeLorean fluctuate at 1:01:49 on the Blu-ray, notice that the Destination Time briefly shows January 1, 1885 instead of the inputted date of November 12, 1955. This fluctuation will happen again later in the film, inadvertently sending Doc to 1885 for the events of Back to the Future Part III.


Doc insists to Marty they head to 1955 immediately, leaving Jennifer and Einstein behind, telling him that if they succeed in stopping teen Biff from maintaining hold of the sports almanac, reality will transform back to normal around Jennifer and Einstein, leaving them with no memory of the altered 1985. Marty challenges him, "What if we don't succeed?" and Doc responds, "We must succeed." But, that's not much of an answer! Marty's right, what if they don't succeed? Then their two friends are stuck in a nightmare reality! Wouldn't it be better for Jennifer and the dog to come along? That way, if Doc and Marty fail, at least they could potentially live out their lives from 1955 onward in a somewhat normal reality. Or they could all go farther back in time to live in a world without Biff's influence at all.




Arriving in 1955, Doc and Marty hide the DeLorean behind the same Lyon Estates billboard Marty used when he first arrived in Back to the Future.


Doc and Marty use a pair of Archer Space Patrol walkie-talkies to communicate while they perform their separate missions in 1955. Archer was a real brand of walkie-talkies and other consumer radio communications items sold by Radio Shack at the time.


Doc carries a briefcase full of cash from different years so he's prepared for all monetary possibilities. He is seen to have various denominations labeled from 1861 to 1955.


    At 1:04:05 on the Blu-ray, we see the name Gertrude Tannen on Biff's house. We soon learn this is Biff's grandmother, whom he lives with. We find out what happened to his parents in "Biff the Future" Part 1.

    When Marty later becomes trapped in the Tannen garage, he radios Doc and tells him the address is 1809 Mason Street (in the novelization, it is 2311 Mason Street).


At 1:05:02 on the Blu-ray, notice that Biff flips the cap off a little boy's head as he walks by! It seems Biff just can't resist an opportunity to bully/torment anyone!


The tow truck that brings Biff's repaired car to Courthouse Square is a 1952 Chevrolet 3600.


At 1:05:48 on the Blu-ray, the law office of Jacobson & Field is seen next to the Western Auto. This is an office that was not glimpsed in the 1955 scenes of Back to the Future.


At 1:06:03, Marty is hiding under a U.S. Army blanket in the backseat of Biff's car. Part of a U.S. Army stamp can be seen on it.


Biff manages to get four free cans of Valvoline motor oil from Terry after being charged over $300 for the repairs to his car.


Lorraine's friend who's with her when she picks up her dress for the dance at Ruth's Frock Shop is Babs, who was also seen in Back to the Future.


At 1:06:32 on the Blu-ray, an A-frame style sign recruiting for the U.S. Army is seen on the sidewalk outside the recruiting office. The slogan used on the sign, "Job for a Man" was an actual slogan recruiting slogan used at the time to attract young male enlistees.


A flyer for the Enchantment Under the Sea Dance is seen posted on a telephone pole at 1:06:39 on the Blu-ray. Another flyer for the fire department visitors day is posted under it.


    When Biff harasses her to go to that night's dance with him as she comes out of the frock shop, Lorraine tells Biff she's already going with Calvin Klein. That was the name Marty went by in 1955 in Back to the Future.

    Lorraine also tells Biff she wouldn't be his girl even if he had a million dollars. Of course, in the altered timeline Doc and Marty just came from, she agrees to marry him after the death of George, most likely because he had a million-plus dollars.


Old Biff tells teen Biff if he wants to marry Lorraine, he can make it happen and teen Biff retorts, "Who are you, Miss Lonelyhearts?" Miss Lonelyhearts was a newspaper columnist pseudonym in the eponymous 1930 Nathaniel West novel, which has also been adapted to stage and film. 


It is interesting to note that at this point in the timeline, there are four DeLoreans in 1955 at the same time!

1. The DeLorean Marty arrived in in Back to the Future

2. The DeLorean Doc and Marty arrived in just recently

3. The DeLorean Old Biff arrived in to give his young self the almanac

4. The DeLorean buried in the old Delgado Mine by Doc in 1885 in Back to the Future III


Scenes of Biff's car alternate with it having a rearview mirror and not having one. In filmmaking, the rearview mirror of an automobile is often removed to allow a clearer shot of the actors in the driver and passenger seats. The sun visors mounted on the windshield also come and go for these shots.


When old Biff drives teen Biff's car back to his grandmother's house, he runs over the hedge dividing the Tannen's driveway with the neighbor's as he pulls into the garage. It seems that Biff is not the greatest driver. Recall that he also crashed George's car in the original 1985 in Back to the Future and bangs the DeLorean into a stack of recyclables when he steals the car in 2015.


    To convince teen Biff that the sports almanac is real, old Biff turns on a game on the radio, a UCLA vs. Washington college football game. This was an actual game that took place on this date November 12, 1955 with the actual score, 19-17 in favor of UCLA, with Jim Decker kicking the winning field goal. "Washington" refers to University of Washington.

    The "coliseum" mentioned by the sportscaster when the crowd goes wild is the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, where UCLA Bruins home football games were played from 1933-1981.


As Biff drives to the dance, the radio plays the 1954 song "Papa Loves Mambo" by Perry Como.


At 1:12:22 on the Blu-ray, Biff drives to the River Road Tunnel. This was shot at Observatory Tunnel in Griffith Park, Hollywood, though the tunnel is made to look longer in the movie. This same tunnel was also seen as the Toon Town Tunnel in Robert Zemeckis' 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit.


At 1:12:50 on the Blu-ray, the upright bar of the "T" in the neon sign for Holt's Diner is not lit up. This can happen in neon signs when the neon gas leaks out of a sign segment, but the letter was entirely lit when it appeared on this night in Back to the Future.


At 1:14:51 on the Blu-ray, at the school, notice that Biff parks his car between two pillars marked "No Parking".


At 1:15:50 on the Blu-ray, 3-D is seen pouring a bottle of Early Times whiskey in the dance punch bowl. Biff and his gang are also seen looking at a copy of Oh LàLà magazine. This is a fictitious adult magazine. According to the Futurepedia website, the contents of the magazine are actually from the December 1935 issue of Paris Sex Appeal and the cover photo is a flipped version of the cover of the July 1955 issue of Swank, featuring film and television actress Venetia Stevenson.


At 1:18:54 on the Blu-ray, hand-painted posters for "Bub" for class president and a Home Economics bake sale and Glee Club car wash are seen in the school hallway.


At 1:19:04 on the Blu-ray, Strickland has small desk flags of the United States and California on his desk.


At 1:20:25 on the Blu-ray, Strickland is seen drinking from an Ultima coffee mug. Ultima is a real world brand of tableware.


Approaching the unconscious Biff, Marty tells the onlooking crowd he knows CPR. CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a manual chest compression and artificial ventilation method of keeping oxygen and heart function by a second party in a victim of cardiac arrest. The resuscitation method was developed in 1962, so the onlookers here are unaware of the term or procedure.


At 1:23:03 on the Blu-ray, when Marty radios Doc that he finally got ahold of the almanac, notice that Doc has the old, dented metal bucket in hand that Marty will later find next to the Lyon Estates billboard and use to burn the almanac. But why does Doc have the bucket in the first place? Was he using it for something? Where did he get it?


At 1:23:32 on the Blu-ray, notice that the time circuits switch to a Destination Time of January 1, 1885, as they had briefly done earlier, only this time they stay on it.


The novelization reveals that the guy who accuses Marty of stealing Biff's wallet is named Lester.


There are a few differences here when Marvin Berry picks up the phone to call his cousin Chuck compared to the way it was in Back to the Future. Here, there is a ladder in front of the desk, leading up to the rafters of the stage, that was not there before; the phone  cord here is curly, but it was straight before; and Marvin is facing away from the stage when he makes the call, but he was facing towards the stage before.


As he begins his drive back home, Biff tunes into local radio station KKHV, "The voice of Hill Valley." The newscaster first reports that the Hill Valley Women's Club bake sale will be held tomorrow (Sunday, November 13) from 2:00 to 5:00 at the community center on Forest Road. He then goes on to give the day's top ten college football scores, repeating the UCLA vs. Washington game score and adding, "Michigan State crushed Minnesota 42-14...Ohio State beat Iowa 20-10...Michigan blanked Indiana 30-0...It was Notre Dame over North Carolina...Oklahoma ripped Iowa State 52-0...West Virginia lost to Pittsburgh 26-7...Texas A&M over Rice 20-10...Maryland defeated Clemson 25-12...and it was Texas Christian over Texas 47-20." These are all actual games played on 11/12/55 with the correct scores, except for the "Texas A&M over Rice 20-10", which score was actually 20-12. It can be assumed the newscaster simply made a mistake or had erroneous information!


At 1:30:27 on the Blu-ray, as Marty begins to get out of the DeLorean onto the hoverboard while following Biff's car, the colors on the time display in the DeLorean are inverted! Here, the yellow display is on top and red on the bottom when it should be the other way around.


As Marty hoverboards alongside the DeLorean and pulls himself forward to reach Biff's car at 1:30:37 on the Blu-ray, a tow wheel can be seen running under the hovering DeLorean.

tow wheel


Marty's left and right foot positioning on the hoverboard changes place throughout the River Tunnel sequence.


When Marty looks at the newspaper page with the headline "George McFly Murdered", it changes to "George McFly Honored: Local Author Receives Award". On the back side of that page, the article title "Bulldogs Win Division Semi-Finals" can be seen. The Bulldogs are the sports teams of Hill Valley High School as seen in the team spirit posters at the school.


Doc's newspaper with the headline "Emmett Brown Committed" changes to "Emmett Brown Commended: Local Inventor Receives Civic Award" (the accompanying photograph changes, too, but the figures in it are posed in almost the exact same way!). Two of the other articles also change, now reading, "Reagan to Seek Second Term: No Republican Challengers Expected" and "Mayor Wilson Vetoes Zoning Bill".


The car the Western Union agent drives up to Marty in is a 1952 Willys Aero Lark. 


The shot of 1955 Doc cheering and running along the street over the success of having sent Marty back to 1985 at 1:41:40 on the Blu-ray is a re-creation of the scene near the end of Back to the Future. The production did a pretty good job of fooling the audience it was still the scene from the first film, setting them up for our current Marty to suddenly come running around the corner to find Doc. But the set design is not quite exact. Screenshots from the two movies are presented below for comparison. The most obvious discrepancies: The neon "DINER" sign in the Holt's window is different; the words "Booth Service" painted under each window at Holt's are missing; a telephone pole on the right is missing; the poster on the right side of the doors at the Town Theater is slightly different and a crate or something is sitting below it; the theater doors themselves are slightly different; a cigarette waste can is missing to the right of the doors; the DeLorean flame trail is aligned differently in relation to the theater doors; the orange and yellow colors of the neon lights on the Town Theater are only yellow in this movie; the two posters on the left of the Town Theater are different; there are two leaflets posted on the telephone pole to the right that were not present in the first film; the white line painted on the street in front of the blue car parked on the left side of the street is missing; the license plates on the cars are different.
Success! (Back to the Future) Success! (Back to the Future Part II)
Success (Back to the Future) Success (Back to the Future Part II)


Notes from the novelization by Craig Shaw Gardner

(The page numbers come from the 1st printing, paperback edition, published November 1989)


Additional characters in the novel not present in the movie


Dave McFly (appears in book, only mentioned in movie)

Otis Peabody


Didja Know?


Throughout the book, Gray's Sports Almanac (as it is known in the movie) is called Grey's Sports Almanac.


Didja Notice?




The book opens with the proverb, "The only thing more uncertain than the future is the past.--Soviet proverb". I've been unable to confirm whether this was an actual Soviet (or Russian) proverb before the existence of this book! It is likely a joke made by the author in regards to the Soviet government's frequent re-writing of history to make itself look good.


Page 3 reveals that, while Doc was in the future before going back to 1985 to get Marty, he had researched the topic of time paradoxes.


Page 5 states it is 10:38 a.m. when Marty opens the garage door and sees his beautiful, black Toyota 4x4.


On page 7, Biff has not yet begun waxing George's car; he is in the McFly kitchen having a cup of coffee first as Marty discovers his 4x4 in the garage.


On page 10, Doc arrives back in 1985 and hops out of the DeLorean onto Marty's driveway wearing a metallic yellow shirt and long, orange robe. In the movie, he is wearing a red shirt and yellow robe.




On page 16, after arriving in 2015 in the wrong lane and almost colliding with a flying tractor-trailer, Doc receives an admonition from air traffic control inside the DeLorean.


On page 17, the time display and Doc's words indicate they've arrived on Wednesday, October 21, 2015, 4:29 p.m. In the movie, it was 4:15 p.m. In actuality, October 21 was a Thursday, not Wednesday!


Also on page 17, Marty sees bumper stickers on various flying cars reading, "I Brake For Birds!", "Littering Can Kill!", and "This Summer, Do Something a Robot Can't Do--Pick Grapes!"


Page 18 paraphrases dialog spoken in Back to the Future: Jennifer says, "Doc built a time machine out of a DeLorean?" and Doc responds, "I figure if you're gonna build a time machine in a car, why not do it with some style?"


On page 22, Marty opens a Velcro seal on the Nike gym bag.


In the movie, Doc says that after Marty Jr. is convicted, Marty's daughter, Marlene tries to break him out of jail a week later and gets caught and sent to prison herself. In the book, Doc tells him his daughter goes into a state of deep depression and it's implied that she commits suicide. Pretty dark, even for this darkest of the Back to the Future films, which may be why Marlene's fate was changed in the final script.


Page 29 names a couple of the shops in the Hill Valley Courthouse Mall as World O' Transponders and Hydrators Unlimited. These are, of course, fictitious companies. World O' Transponders probably specializes flight transponders for all the aerial vehicles of this world and Hydrators Unlimited probably sells hydrator "ovens", like the one seen in the McFly household later that hydrates the pizza Lorraine cooks.


Page 29 also mentions that the adult bookstore of 1985 had been replaced by the plastic surgery clinic Bottoms Up in 2015. However, in the movie, Bottoms Up is in the former location of Broadway Florist.


    On page 30, two other business establishments, Fusion Bar and Century 22 real estate are mentioned. Century 22 is a play on the real world Century 21 real estate firm, the joke being that the company must have changed its name after the turn of the century!

    An unnamed robotics shop is also seen by Marty. Possibly, this is the Bots Shop, glimpsed at 19:51 in the film on the Blu-ray release.


Also on page 30, Marty sees a video software store advertising the video classic A Match Made in Space, based on his father George McFly's book (seen at the end of Back to the Future)!


Marty thinks he spots a hover-converted Edsel on page 30. Edsel was a Ford automobile brand from 1958-1960 that failed miserably.


Still on page 30, Marty sees an advertisement for "Pepsi-Perfect--it's vitamin enriched!"


On page 31, Marty sees the E-Z Credit Finance Company in Courthouse Square. This is a fictitious company.


When Marty walks into the Cafe 80s, he notes that it's painted in pastels of pink and green straight out of Miami Vice. Miami Vice was an American crime drama TV series from 1984-1990, known for its "new wave" look.


Page 32 states that every seat in the cafe has a small video screen in front of it, sort of like a Watchman. The Watchman was a line of "pocket televisions" manufactured by Sony 1982-2000.


When Marty walks into the Cafe 80s, the song described playing is "Heaven Is One Step Away" by Eric Clapton. Marty thinks the song sounds vaguely familiar. That's probably because it's the song that was playing on Red the bum's radio when Marty arrived back in 1985 near the end of Back to the Future.


    On page 33, when the Reagan simulation announces the day's special to Marty, Ayatollah Khomeini takes over the screen and insists he order the Great Satan Special (in the movie it is the Hostage Special). Khomeini was known to refer to the United States as "the Great Satan" during his rule over the country of Iran from 1979-1989. "The Hostage Special" refers to the Iranian hostage crisis of 1979-1981, when the country held 52 American citizens after the overthrow of the U.S.-backed Shah of Iran in 1979.

    After the Ayatollah demands Marty order tofu, the simulation is shifted to an image of Michael Jackson, extolling everyone to "be cool--don't be bad." This is a vague reference to Jackson's 1987 song "Bad".


Marty pays $45 for his Pepsi Perfect. In the movie, he never seems to pay for it at all! In the real world of 2015, a Pepsi would cost about $2 in a restaurant.


On page 42, a music video begins playing in the Cafe 80s, "The Power of Love" by Huey Lewis and the News. Marty enjoys the song. Which should only make sense he began playing it at the Hill Valley High School battle of the bands in Back to the Future!


On page 66, Doc tells Marty that some of the modifications he's made on the DeLorean are not exactly street legal. Then Doc uses one of his wristwatches which turns out to be a mini remote control for the DeLorean, presumably one of the non-legal modifications.


Page 70 reveals the cab driver's name is Fred and his parrot is named Priscilla.


Page 83 calls the device George is hanging upside-down from an Ortho-lev.


The novelization emphasizes that Marty tends to worry about what other people think of him or what they say behind his back, not just whether they think he's chicken.


Page 90 has Jennifer noticing that the giant video screen Marty Jr. is watching is hanging crooked on the wall and she has to resist the urge to go out and straighten it. This may suggest that she has a bit of obsessive-compulsiveness about her.


On page 98, Marty Jr. is watching an IFL Bears/Spacers game on his video glasses. It seems to be a football game, but there is no football league called IFL or a team called Spacers. Possibly, the National Football League (NFL) has become the International Football League by 2015 in the Back to the Future timeline.


On page 99, an irritated Marlene tells Marty to "nump off" and Lorraine scolds her for talking to her father like that.


The novelization reveals that the family members that live in Marty's old house in Lyon Estates in 1985A are Loretta (daughter), Lewis (father), Louise (mother), and Harold (son).


Page 122 has Marty thinking of Strickland as the vice-principal at the old high school. Most sources list him as principal in 1985.


At the bottom of page 125, the name of Biff's hotel/casino is supposed to be printed as Marty reads it, but the text is missing!


A scene that was cut from the movie, but remains in the novelization, is Marty bumping into his brother Dave. Dave is a drunk and has just been thrown out of Biff's Pleasure Paradise.


Page 129 reveals that the drinking age in this timeline has been lowered to 14.


On page 130, Dave says that their mom has not been on speaking terms with Marty for a while (though she seems amiable enough towards him when they meet in the hotel).


On seeing his mother for the first time in this timeline, Marty is shocked at the way she is dressed and made up, thinking she looks like some evangelist's wife he saw on TV. This is probably a reference to Tammy Faye Bakker (later Messner), the wife of televangelist Jim Bakker from 1961-1992; she was known for her gaudy outfits and heavy make-up. She passed away in 2007.


Page 144 gives a sub-headline for "George McFly Murdered", which is "Author Shot Dead While Enroute to Receive Book Award! Police Baffled, Search for Witnesses!"


In the novelization, Doc is committed to a mental institution in July of 1983 instead of May.




In the novelization, Doc has a money belt of pouches with monetary denominations from different years instead of a briefcase as in the movie.


On page 166, Biff's car is described as a 1940 Ford instead of the 1946 model seen in the movies.


The book goes into a little more detail about the UCLA vs. Washington game on the radio. Besides Decker, Palmer and Bradley are mentioned as playing for the UCLA Bruins. Steve Palmer was an offensive lineman for the Bruins in 1955. I've been unable to identify a player named Bradley. The Coliseum is also mentioned. This is the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, where the Bruins play their football games. Bob and Bill are the sportscasters; I've been unable to confirm if the actual Bruins sportscasters at the time had those names.


When Doc finds himself back at the site of his 1955 "weather experiment" next to the courthouse, he muses that Thomas Wolfe had said "You can't go home again," and Doc realizes, maybe you can't, but if you had a time machine, you could get awfully damn close! Thomas Wolfe (1900-1938) was the author of the posthumously published 1940 novel You Can't Go Home Again, about a writer who writes about his old hometown, but then returns to that town and finds it dramatically different and the residents resentful of how he portrayed them.


Pages 199-201 feature a scene not in the movie, with old man Peabody telling a cop he saw a "flying saucer" near the Lyons Estates billboard earlier that day. He is holding the Tales From Space comic book seen in Back to the Future. Doc puts them off the trail by telling them he saw the "flying saucer" as well and it headed for an area a couple miles away.


When Marty loses sight of the sports almanac briefly after he finds the Gray's dust jacket on the Oh LàLà issue, Marty worries that Biff could be on a Greyhound with it and left town. Greyhound is an intercity bus line that travels to destinations across North America.


On page 207, Marty tells Doc over the walkie-talkie that he's going to intercept Biff (after seeing through Strickland's office window that George is about to deck Biff) and Doc responds with redundancy, "Roger, ten-four. Message acknowledged. Standing by." All of these phrases Doc speaks mean essentially the same thing!


After successfully dealing with Biff's three hoods backstage at the dance on page 221, Marty muses that, just like they learned in English class, all's well that ends well. All's Well That Ends Well is the title of one of Shakespeare's comedies.


On page 228, only two college football scores are revealed on Biff's radio, the UCLA game we already heard about and Stanford over Oregon with a score of 24-10. Stanford and Oregon did actually play on 11/12/55, but the score was 44-7...pretty far off!


On page 230, the tunnel called the River Road Tunnel in the movie is called Deacon Hill's Tunnel, running through Deacon's Hill. It could reasonably be that the tunnel would be known by more than one name in Hill Valley, "Deacon Hill's Tunnel" because it runs through Deacon's Hill and "River Road Tunnel" because River Road runs through it.


On page 241, the subheading of the "Emmett Brown Commended" newspaper article is a little different than the one in the movie. It reads, "Local Inventor Receives College Grant". Doc recalls he received the award in recognition of years he spent as professor of physics at the local university.


On page 246, when the Western Union agent drives up and gets out of his car in trench coat and hat, Marty wonders for a second if the guy is an FBI agent or something. The FBI is the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, which investigates federal crime and provides internal intelligence for the federal government.


Page 246 reveals that Marty is 5'4". This is the actual height of actor Michael J. Fox.


DeLorean Time Machine: Doc Brown's Owners' Workshop Manual Notes from the DeLorean Time Machine: Doc Brown's Owners' Workshop Manual

(The page numbers come from the 1st printing, hardcover edition, published 2021)


On page 89, Doc includes a clipping from the November 12, 2015 issue of the Hill Valley Edition of USA Today which reports on Marty's daughter's sentencing to San Quentin Prison for attempting to hijack the prison transfer vehicle that was taking her brother to Folsom Prison. The article also states that the payroll robbery Marty Jr. had attempted on October 23 was from Vandesco Industries. Vandesco Industries appears to be a fictitious company. The "photo" of Marlene is actually a shot of her from a scene in the McFly house in the Hilldale neighborhood in the movie. Marlene McFly article


On page 90, Doc's journal states that Marty, Jr. and Marlene are twins.


On page 90, Doc includes a clipping from, presumably, the Hill Valley Telegraph of October 18, 1985 about Marty's drag racing accident. The Clayton Road mentioned in the article is certianly a reference to Clara Clayton, seen in Back to the Future Part III.



(Oct. 28, Hill Valley) A daylight drag race resulted in tragedy for a Hill Valley High School student, although the outcome could have been far worse. Martin McFly, 17, suffered a broken right arm, a crushed right hand, and a minor concussion after his black Toyota pickup truck broadsided a white Rolls Royce near the new Hilldale development on Clayton Road. The driver of the Rolls Royce, business executive Durwood Bennington, suffered only minor bruises but may press charges. McFly refused to name his racing opponent, but, based on eyewitness accounts and descriptions of the vehicle, police believe it was Douglas Needles, 18. McFly is recovering at Hill County Hospital.


On page 91, Doc includes a clipping from the Hill Valley Edition of USA Today which reports on Marty, Jr.'s arrest. The final paragraph of the article replaces the one that was in the original prop newspaper (which repeated a line from the "Gang Jailed, Hoverboard Rampage Destroys Courthouse" article in the movie) with "The McFly family is no stranger to run-ins with the law. Martin McFly was involved in a drag racing accident involving an innocent bystander in 1985."


Notes from the audio commentary of the film by Bob Gale and Neil Canton


Several of the future cars seen in the 2015 sequences are from other science-fiction movies such as Blade Runner.


Bob Gale misremembers the content of an article that appeared in Starlog magazine, in which the author supposedly claimed he found Marty from Part II in the shadows observing Marty from Part I. I know the article about which he's speaking because I read it back in the day (I had a subscription to the magazine). It was "The Other Marty McFly" by Bruce Gordon, appearing in Starlog #108 (July 1986). The author was not claiming to have seen the Marty from Part II (since the sequel hadn't come out yet), but that it was the Marty from the "cool George" timeline, who would have arrived back at 1985 to the Twin Pines Mall instead of his own Lone Pine Mall and who would have found Doc dead and his father an unconfidant dork and his mother an alcoholic...and he'd have no idea why his parents were that way. It's confusing to describe, but the article is great if you get a chance to read it. It used to be available at the Internet Archive, but has since been removed.


Gale remarks that Alan Silvestri's theme for Back to the Future Part III was inspired by the theme of the 1961 John Wayne western The Comancheros (by Elmer Bernstein). The theme is heard for the first time by audiences during the teaser for Back to the Future Part III seen at the end of this film.  Back to the Future Part III theme  Comancheros theme


Unanswered Questions


    How can we find middle-aged Marty and Jennifer married with children in 2015 if they time travelled out of 1985 to 2015, skipping over the intervening years? Shouldn't they have arrived in a future where they disappeared back in 1985? Zemeckis and Gale have acknowledged that this may be a more realistic truth of how time travel would work, but they argue in the case of the movie trilogy that time travel takes you to the most likely future of the moment you left, in this case, a future in which Marty and Jennifer married and had children in those intervening years.

    I'm not sure the above explanation from Zemeckis and Gale goes deep enough to make sense. A fuller explanation might be that in 2015, the timestream already "knows" that Marty and Jennifer jumped from 1985 to 2015 and then jumped back again, got married, had children, and that is what we see the result of here. But then, middle-age Marty at least (maybe not Jennifer), would remember that he travelled to 2015 when he was a teenager and would be waiting for himself to arrive on that date! Yet, middle-age Marty seems to have no idea that his past self is around. 


Memorable Dialog


you're the doc, Doc.mp3

kids in the future wear their pants inside-out.mp3

the system with a star.mp3

shark still looks fake.mp3

welcome to the Cafe 80s.mp3

two coats of wax.mp3

say hello to your grandma for me.mp3

a baby's toy.mp3

you got no scrote.mp3

since when did you become the physical type?.mp3

what's wrong, McFly, chicken?.mp3

batter up.mp3


your jacket is now dry.mp3

don't drive trank.mp3

what in the name of Sir Isaac H. Newton.mp3

unravel the very fabric of the space time continuum.mp3

Doc Brown invented a time machine.mp3

tranks, lobos, and zipheads.mp3

king of the castle.mp3

just imagine if the time machine were to fall into the wrong hands.mp3

my favorite historical era.mp3

the other great mystery of the universe.mp3

America's greatest living folk hero.mp3

the past 12 years.mp3

I can't imagine Hell being much worse.mp3

stole my idea.mp3

it's all in the past.mp3

Gray's Sports Almanac.mp3

two McFlys with the same gun.mp3

we gotta go back to 1955.mp3

the temporal junction point of the entire space-time continuum.mp3

time circuits sound.mp3

nice dress.mp3

about as funny as a screen door on a battleship.mp3

even if you had a million dollars.mp3

someday you'll be my wife.mp3


make like a tree and get outta here.mp3

I wouldn't know what liquor smells like.mp3


I'd like to have that in writing.mp3

déjá vu.mp3

a paradox.mp3

I hate manure.mp3

let's get our asses back to the future.mp3

in our possession for the past 70 years.mp3

we had a little bet going as to whether this Marty would actually be here.mp3

he's in the old west.mp3

there's only one man who can help me.mp3 

I'm back from the future.mp3 


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